Understanding ‘Responsible Charge’ in Engineering: What Every PE Needs to Know

Understanding 'Responsible Charge' in Engineering: What Every PE Needs to Know
The concept of “Responsible Charge” is extremely important within the engineering profession. It embodies the essence of accountability, supervision, and ethical responsibility.

Responsible Charge means the direct oversight and control by licensed engineers over critical engineering decisions, ensuring projects meet ethical, safety, and professional standards.

In this article, we will explore the concept of Responsible Charge, examining its critical importance in the engineering profession and how it influences the ethical and professional responsibilities of engineers.

Definition of Responsible Charge

National Society of Professional Engineers – Responsible Charge

The National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE) defines responsible charge as the “direct control and personal supervision of engineering work,” it raises questions about the extent to which a Professional Engineer can, and should, rely on the contributions of an Engineer Intern (EI).

NCEES Definition of Responsible Charge

The National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying (NCEES) provides a definition of “Responsible Charge” that helps us understand the ethical and professional obligations of engineers.

According to NCEES, “Responsible Charge” refers to the direct control and personal oversight by a licensed engineer of the engineering decisions and activities that are integral to a project’s success and compliance with relevant standards and regulations.

This concept underscores the necessity for the PE of record to be actively involved in and knowledgeable about the technical details and decision-making processes of their projects.

Their definition emphasizes that, while delegation of tasks is a part of project management, the ultimate responsibility for the work’s integrity, safety, and adherence to professional standards rests with the licensed professional engineer.

The Engineer of Record: A Closer Look

At the heart of any project lies the Engineer of Record, a Professional Engineer who not only seals the project’s drawings or documents but also ensures that these materials are prepared under their direct supervision, whether by subordinates or Engineering Interns. This seal is not merely a formality but a testament to the professional engineer’s involvement and oversight throughout the project’s development.

The Role of Engineering Interns

The involvement of Engineering Interns under the guidance of a PE is both acceptable and encouraged, provided the PE maintains Responsible Charge. This means the PE must not only oversee the EI’s work but also ensure its integrity and compliance with professional standards. The Engineer of Record, therefore, must be deeply knowledgeable and experienced in the project’s specific engineering field, guaranteeing the safety and reliability of the work undertaken.

Clarifying Responsible Charge

Misinterpretations of what constitutes Responsible Charge prompted the Florida Board of Professional Engineers to offer these clarifications:

  1. The engineer must be capable of detailed discussion regarding engineering decisions made on the project, demonstrating profound involvement and proficiency.
  2. Complete oversight and satisfaction with the engineering aspects of the project are non-negotiable.
  3. The engineer must have immediate access to review design work, ensuring the ability to exercise judgment promptly.
  4. A thorough understanding of the technical capabilities of those executing the work is essential, ensuring confidence in the project’s performance.

What Responsible Charge Does Not Entail

It’s crucial to delineate what falls outside the scope of Responsible Charge:

  • Financial liability and project budgeting are not encompassed within Responsible Charge.
  • Administrative functions, including labor relations, marketing, and performance standards, while potentially part of an engineer’s role, do not define Responsible Charge.

Practical Examples of Responsible Charge

Below is a table that breaks down key aspects of Responsible Charge, clarifying responsibilities, and distinguishing between what it does and does not entail.

Aspect In Responsible Charge Means… Does NOT Include…
Supervision Direct control and personal supervision of engineering work. Ensuring that all work is performed under your guidance. Delegating tasks without oversight. Simply reviewing work post-completion without active involvement.
Decision-Making Making or overseeing critical engineering decisions throughout the project lifecycle. Deferring all decisions to subordinates or external parties without personal evaluation and approval.
Technical Proficiency Being fully competent and proficient in the project’s field of engineering, through both education and experience. Lacking personal knowledge or relying solely on the expertise of others for the project’s technical needs.
Safety and Reliability Assuming responsibility for the project’s safety and soundness. Ignoring potential safety issues or delegating responsibility for them without proper supervision.
Compliance Ensuring the project meets all relevant local, state, and federal regulations, as well as industry standards. Overlooking regulatory requirements or assuming they will be handled by someone else.
Review and Oversight Having the ability to review design work at any time and being available to exercise judgment. Only engaging with the project at milestone reviews or after significant work has been completed.
Knowledge of Team Having personal knowledge of the technical abilities of the personnel doing the work. Being unaware of the team’s capabilities or assigning tasks without considering individual competencies.
Engineering Decisions Being capable of answering questions relevant to engineering decisions made on the project. Unable to explain or justify the engineering decisions made under your supervision.
Financial and Administrative Understanding that Responsible Charge relates to engineering decisions, not financial or administrative functions. Confusing Responsible Charge with project management, financial liability, or administrative duties.


The Essence of Responsible Charge

NSPE Position Statement No. 10-1778 encapsulates the essence of Responsible Charge, emphasizing active engagement in the engineering process from conception to completion. It clarifies that merely reviewing drawings post-preparation does not fulfill the criteria for Responsible Charge. The professional engineer must be integrally involved in the design and development process, providing direct supervision and control over the work.


Responsible Charge” is a fundamental principle that underscores the ethical and professional standards expected of Professional Engineers. It signifies a commitment to quality, safety, and integrity in engineering work, ensuring that every project under a PE’s supervision adheres to the highest standards of the profession.